Straightforward, life after a bone marrow transplant depends upon various factors. There comes a transition period where things are supposed to change in and around you. When you leave the hospital for your house, you need to pay special attention to preparing a plan for your well-being recommended by oncologists and hematologists at the best marrow transplant hospital in India or in your living region.
Many patients, after home, return reports about the infection. The infection could be detected if :
- You are facing a breathing problem
- You have problems like diarrhea, vomiting frequently
- If you have a fever above 38°C or 100°F
From skincare to mouth care and medications have to do a lot if you are considering how your life will be after a bone marrow transplant.
In this blog, you will learn about :
- What is a bone marrow transplant
- Why you should need a bone marrow transplant
- Stumbling blocks associated with bone marrow transplant
And a lot more detailed knowledge to give you a clear idea about life after a bone marrow transplant – scroll on!
What is a bone marrow transplant?
It is a medical procedure that is performed to change destroyed or damaged bone marrow. The reason might be due to infection, chemotherapy seasons, disease. If you want to know about the involved procedure, it involves blood stem cell transplantation, which traverses across the bone marrow where fresh blood cells are produced and help promote new marrow growth.
Do you know about the place where bone marrow is found? It is found in fatty tissue inside your bones and is spongy. Platelets, red blood cells, and white blood cells are created by the bone marrow. The white blood cells help our immune system fight diseases and infection, platelets help to prevent bleeding and clot formation, while the red blood cells are responsible for carrying oxygen and required nutrients to the body.
What Happens In Bone Marrow Transplant?
Healthy cells replace the damaged stem cells to allow the body to create adequate white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets required to avoid infections, carry oxygen to the body and stop bleeding. A donor can donate healthy stem cells, or they could come from your own body. Before the chemotherapy starts, stem cells can be harvested. Later on, during the transplantations, those healthy cells are used.
Why You Should Need Bone Marrow Transplant?
You should need a bone marrow transplant in case you have chronic infections or cancer treatments. It might be because your marrow is weak. However, if you want to discover a few more reasons for a bone marrow transplant, keep reading!
If you have cancer, that might affect your bone marrow or effect actually. Bone marrow affecting cancer are lymphoma, leukemia, and multiple myeloma.
If your bone marrow is damaged due to unprofessional chemotherapy sessions,
If your bone marrow is facing difficulty in making new blood cells. In medical terms, it’s a disorder called aplastic anemia.
If your red blood cells are not organized. This disorder is called sickle cell anemia.
Stumbling Blocks Associated With Bone Marrow Transplant
You should know that bone marrow transplant is a complicated procedure performed by the top and certified medical experts. You might face multiple problems if you don’t consider treating yourself at the best bone marrow transplant hospitals.
A few things you may experience include –
- Breath shortness
- Lower blood pressure
Factors on which complications depend on are –
- The type of transplant you received
- Your age is important
- Entire well-being is taken into account
- For what diseases you are being treated for
What You Can Do To Ensure Healthy Recovery?
If you have prepared your mind to go for a bone marrow transplant, then there are some things you must know about it. What are those things for healthy recovery? Keep reading to find out!
Understand healing takes time –
Any kind of healing or complicated medical treatment takes time to recover. So does a bone marrow transplant. You might have to stay for a week or months at the hospital after the treatments if you want to go home happy and stress-free. After going home, you and your family must take care of you by following the medical and diet plan provided by the oncologist experts.
Mental satisfaction and improved mental health play an important role in quick healing. You can ask your friends to connect with your healthy discussions for a speedy recovery. You must be prepared for the changes in your body you might not feel too hungry and more.
Adopt a healthy lifestyle
If you want to get better in a quick period, you must adopt a healthy lifestyle. Take the consultation with your doctor to seek when you should come in for the follow-up visits. Follow-up visits are a must after a bone marrow transplant. The major lifestyle change you should pick is to avoid alcohol and smoking as they can damage and hurt your bone marrow. Plus, they are damaging to the liver too!
Later on, when your recovery gets quicker, your doctor will tell you when you can take them, occasionally not regularly. Start eating a healthy balanced diet that contains all the nutrients in the proper amount. Drink as much as fluids like juice, but which one highly depends on your oncologist consultation.
Ensure your protection from infections
Reliable studies have concluded that infection is the giant concern that patients after bone marrow transplants experience. The infection could be spread in the form of anything like viruses, fungus, or bacteria. The same study concluded that you have to be extra careful in the initial 6-7 months just after bone marrow transplant since it’s the time when the probability of spreading infection is high.
Afterward, white blood cells are formed by the new stem cells that help to strengthen your immune system faster. However, you can consult with your doctor, and he might prescribe you antibiotics to minimize the infection probability. Don’t forget to follow the basic sanitization practice like washing hands.
Don’t take risks in unprofessional chemotherapy sessions to avoid expensive bone marrow transplant surgery. You can seek professional medical help from the top qualified oncologists. The bone marrow transplant cost fluctuates due to the standard of the hospital you chose and your surgery requirements.